Joseph R A, 1989, "Technology parks and their contribution to the development of technology-oriented complexes in Australia" Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 7(2) 173 – 192
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Technology parks and their contribution to the development of technology-oriented complexes in Australia
R A Joseph
Received 20 September 1987; in revised form 18 May 1988
Abstract. One of the features that Australia has in common with other countries has been the encouragement of clusters of high-technology firms or technology-oriented complexes (TOCs). In Australia, the primary mechanism for promoting TOCs has been technology parks. In this paper the purpose is to review technology park developments in Australia from a perspective which emphasises some key conceptual features of the literature in this area: agglomeration economies of high-technology firms and firm-university interaction; the creation of new high-technology complexes; and locational factors which make technology parks attractive to high-technology companies. Three Australian case studies, based on interviews with high-technology firms, are reported. One of the key findings from the research is that if Australian technology parks are aiming to establish TOCs that exhibit a high level of interaction between the park and a host university, then the present situation in Australia is far removed from this goal.
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