Watts G R, Pheasant R J, Horoshenkov K V, 2011, "Predicting perceived tranquillity in urban parks and open spaces" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 38(4) 585 – 594
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Predicting perceived tranquillity in urban parks and open spaces
Greg R Watts, Rob J Pheasant, Kirill V Horoshenkov
Received 19 October 2009; in revised form 10 October 2010; published online 24 May 2011
Abstract. A method is described that enables the potential tranquillity of an amenity area, such as a park, green, or square to be assessed. The method involves the assessment of traffic noise levels and the measurement of the percentage of natural and contextual features using photographs of the scenes. Examples are taken from three amenity areas in Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK. Using published noise maps, sampling was taken at points in the three parks where visitors were likely to be found and where noise levels were likely to be highest and lowest. At these locations, predictions of the traffic noise levels were made and then the tranquillity rating and the mean value and distribution of ratings were compared. Recommendations for improving the perceived tranquillity are discussed.
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