1981 volume 8(4) pages 359 – 365

Cite as:
Atkin R H, 1981, "A theory of surprises" Environment and Planning B 8(4) 359 – 365

Download citation data in RIS format

A theory of surprises

R H Atkin

Received 12 November 1981

Abstract. The idea of a surprise is developed from that of a p-event. It is compared with probabilistic ideas of expected and unexpected, and an algebra of surprises is shown to contain elementary probability algebra as a trivial case. Some indication is given of how the ideas might be used to deal with problems of 'low risk with disastrous consequences' -- such as the dangers associated with atomic power stations.

Restricted material:

PDF Full-text PDF size: 802 Kb

Your computer (IP address: has not been recognised as being on a network authorised to view the full text or references of this article. This content is part of our deep back archive. If you are a member of a university library that has a subscription to the journal, please contact your serials librarian (subscriptions information).