Clark W A V, Ledwith V, 2006, "Mobility, housing stress, and neighborhood contexts: evidence from Los Angeles" Environment and Planning A 38(6) 1077 – 1093
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Mobility, housing stress, and neighborhood contexts: evidence from Los Angeles
William A V Clark, Valerie Ledwith
Received 28 July 2004; in revised form 14 February 2005
Abstract. In this paper we examine, in two separate analyses, actual and planned residential moves. Although we now have robust models and substantive empirical analysis of residential mobility, especially of the role of housing consumption and the variables that trigger residential moves, we are less clear about how the model applies to minority households and in diverse ethnic settings. We use data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Study—a longitudinal study of mobility and neighborhood change in the Los Angeles region—to contrast the mobility outcomes for white and Latino households. In a separate analysis we examine planned mobility and extend the analysis of the role of neighborhood variables in explaining expected mobility. Through the incorporation of measures of neighborhood satisfaction and dissatisfaction we find, as hypothesized, that low levels of satisfaction and whether or not the neighborhood is perceived as ‘close-knit’ are modest predictors of the likelihood of future moves. However, the additive effect of neighborhood variables on intentions, beyond the structural effects of age and housing needs, is quite small.
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