Jacobson J O, Hengartner N W, Louis T A, 2005, "Inequity measures for evaluations of environmental justice: a case study of close proximity to highways in New York City" Environment and Planning A 37(1) 21 – 43
Download citation data in RIS format
Inequity measures for evaluations of environmental justice: a case study of close proximity to highways in New York City
Jerry O Jacobson, Nicolas W Hengartner, Thomas A Louis
Received 27 September 2003; in revised form 5 March 2004
Abstract. Assessments of environmental and territorial justice are similar in that both assess whether empirical relations between the spatial arrangement of undesirable hazards (or desirable public goods and services) and sociodemographic groups are consistent with notions of social justice, evaluating the spatial distribution of benefits and burdens (outcome equity) and the process that produces observed differences (process equity). Using proximity to major highways in New York City as a case study, we review methodological issues pertinent to both fields and discuss choice and computation of exposure measures, but focus primarily on measures of inequity. We present inequity measures computed from the empirically estimated joint distribution of exposure and demographics and compare them with traditional measures such as linear regression, logistic regression, and Theil's entropy index. We find that measures computed from the full joint distribution provide more unified, transparent, and intuitive operational definitions of inequity and show how the approach can be used to structure siting and decommissioning decisions.
Full-text PDF size: 489 Kb
References 49 references, 21 with DOI links ()
Your computer (IP address: 188.8.131.52) has not been recognised as being on a network authorised to view the full text or references of this article. If you are a member of a university library that has a subscription to the journal, please contact your serials librarian (subscriptions information).