Peeters D, Thisse J-F, Thomas I, 2000, "On high-speed connections and the location of activities" Environment and Planning A 32(12) 2097 – 2112
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On high-speed connections and the location of activities
Dominique Peeters, Jacques-François Thisse, Isabelle Thomas
Received 22 March 2000; in revised form 15 June 2000
Abstract. We study the impact of a high-speed connection between two regional economies on the location of production activities, using the simple plant-location problem and toy networks. As expected, the relative value of fixed production costs to transportation costs is crucial in the determination of facility locations. Less expected is the fairly strong instability observed in the structure of the locational pattern of facilities when the relative value of the fixed costs changes. The construction of a piece of infrastructure has an impact on the regional structure of production provided that it allows for a substantial reduction in transport spending. When scale economies in production are large, one regional center swallows up the other and may eventually become the only production center within the integrated economy.
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