2001 volume 33(10) pages 1717 – 1739
doi:10.1068/a33220

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Bradshaw M, 2001, "Multiple proximities: culture and geography in the transport logistics of newsprint manufactured in Australia" Environment and Planning A 33(10) 1717 – 1739

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Multiple proximities: culture and geography in the transport logistics of newsprint manufactured in Australia

Matt Bradshaw

Received 4 December 2000; in revised form 12 May 2001

Abstract. Three types of proximity are argued to be present in the research material in this paper. First, put simply, geographic proximity refers to two entities being physically next to each other. Second, cultural proximity refers to two entities being relationally close to one another, with geographic proximity often not being required. Third, network proximity refers to two entities being associated through or with a third entity, again with geographic proximity often not being required. Geographies of links between entities -- people, enterprises, places, etc -- trace networks of relations. Geographic proximity remains crucial, but the relational spaces of geographic networks that selectively connect entities in different ways around the world are just as important. In this paper some elements from actor-network theory are used to approach the investigation of multiple proximities. The argument is exemplified through a recent case study of the restructuring of transport logistics of newsprint manufactured in Australia.

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