Sager T, 2001, "Manipulative features of planning styles" Environment and Planning A 33(5) 765 – 781
Download citation data in RIS format
Manipulative features of planning styles
Received 9 February 2000; in revised form 24 January 2001
Abstract. This paper identifies features of well-known plannin modes affecting the likelihood of manipulation. Results from social choice theory and the economic theory of organisation help to explain why certain combinations of planning styles and organisational characteristics stimulate or hamper manipulation. Although the planning process can be rigged in many ways, false revelation of preferences and strategic agenda formation are primarily studied here. When each decisionmaker can rank the alternatives any way he or she wants, the Gibbard - Satterthwaite theorem states that manipulation-free procedures for making recommendations do not exist unless cyclical decisions or high concentrations of power are accepted. In general, a low probability of cyclical recommendations and a strong organisational bias favouring certain interests and alternatives reduce the likelihood of successful manipulation. It is argued that these conditions are present particularly in advocacy planning and -- perhaps counterintuitively -- to some extent in disjointed incrementalism.
Full-text PDF size: 223 Kb
References 36 references, 14 with DOI links ()
Your computer (IP address: 126.96.36.199) has not been recognised as being on a network authorised to view the full text or references of this article. This content is part of our deep back archive. If you are a member of a university library that has a subscription to the journal, please contact your serials librarian (subscriptions information).