Reader S, 1993, "Unobserved heterogeneity in dynamic discrete choice models" Environment and Planning A 25(4) 495 – 519
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Unobserved heterogeneity in dynamic discrete choice models
Abstract. Monte Carlo simulation methods are used to confirm the identifiability of discrete choice models in which unobserved heterogeneity is specified as a random effect and modelled using the nonparametric mass-points approach. This simulation analysis is also used to examine alternative strategies for the estimation of such models by using a quasi-Newton maximum- likelihood estimation procedure, given the apparent sensitivity of model identification to choice of starting values. A mass-point model approach is then applied to a dataset of repeated choice involving household shopping trips between three types of retail centre, and the results from this approach are compared with those obtained from a conventional cross-sectional multinomial logit choice model as well as to results from a model in which a parametric distribution (the Dirichlet) is used to model the unobserved heterogeneity.
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