Lee Y, Schmidt C G, 1988, "Evolution of urban spatial cognition: patterns of change in Guangzhou China" Environment and Planning A 20(3) 339 – 351
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Evolution of urban spatial cognition: patterns of change in Guangzhou China
Y Lee, C G Schmidt
Received 20 October 1986; in revised form 9 March 1987
Abstract. This paper includes an analysis of the evolution of urban spatial cognition over time among a sample of Chinese students attending Zhongshan University in Guangzhou, China. Changes in the features of sketch maps, based on classifications developed by Lynch, Appleyard, as well as Golledge, are examined. The slow evolution of urban cognition and the tendency to construct maps of the same style and structure over time are noted. Explanations for the absence of changes hypothesized by various investigators are offered.
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