1975 volume 7(4) pages 439 – 448

Cite as:
Hanappe P, 1975, "Spatial aspects of industrial development in Western Europe: economic and political areas" Environment and Planning A 7(4) 439 – 448

Download citation data in RIS format

Spatial aspects of industrial development in Western Europe: economic and political areas

P Hanappe

Received 24 October 1974

Abstract. This paper argues that an industrial firm may exist on a regional, national, continental, or world scale. This dimension may be different for market, actual selling space, basic social existence, and plant location.

A review of the main industrial sectors in present day Europe shows that most major firms are European-sized for market, circulation of commodities, and plant-location aspects, while they are definitely national for government help and subsidies, and that very often these helps and subsidies are vital for their survival.

This contradiction helps to explain the difficulties, hazards, and accidents on the European scene. The internationalization of the economy pushes towards European integration; but the necessities of reproducing the basic conditions of production are dependent on the specific situation in each country: the function of political and ideological reproduction can nowadays be exerted only by national governments. European unification seems to be both necessary and impossible at the same time; its pursuit necessarily involves a collision course.

Restricted material:

PDF Full-text PDF size: 3014 Kb

Your computer (IP address: has not been recognised as being on a network authorised to view the full text or references of this article. This content is part of our deep back archive. If you are a member of a university library that has a subscription to the journal, please contact your serials librarian (subscriptions information).