1974 volume 6(5) pages 491 – 507

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Marchand B, 1974, "Pedestrian traffic planning and the perception of the urban environment: a French example" Environment and Planning A 6(5) 491 – 507

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Pedestrian traffic planning and the perception of the urban environment: a French example

B Marchand

Received 28 May 1974

Abstract. Planning pedestrian traffic in the city involves a better understanding of pedestrians' behavior and their perception of the urban environment. Lynch's (1961) studies proposed a qualitative method. An alternative method, essentially quantitative, is proposed here: pedestrians surveyed are asked to locate on a paper some well-known landmarks (six in all). Distances between each pair of them are measured. The model allows (1) interpretation of the degree of agreement between mental maps, and (2) a study of the 'mean' map. Perception seems to make space more symmetrical. Distortions can be explained by two effects: differences in transportation modes, and a particular knowledge of the neighborhood. The mental map recovered through multidimensional scaling is compared with the topographic one. It does not have the metric topology.

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